Encoders and decoders play a significant role in enhancing success in projects undertaken under digital electronics. They serve the purpose of converting data effectively from one form to another. They tend to be used mostly in the networking as well as telecommunication sector where data is needed to be transferred. Basically, the encoder can be termed as a kind of device or circuit. It is mainly used for purposes of converting information from one format to the other. There is the determination of the position, speed, and even direction through the feedback signal that the encoder provides. Through the control devices, the command gets to be sent to a certain function. On the other hand, decoders are defined as circuits whose purpose is to enhance the change of the code into a set of signals. Unlike the encoders, these circuits perform the function of reversing what the encoder does.
In terms of working, an encoder requires the incorporation of various or rather different types of technologies. Such technologies include mechanical, magnetic, resistance, and also optical. These are mainly used in order to create a certain kind of signal. There is the provision of feedback that comes about with the use of the interruption of light that happens in optical sensing. This is a whole new process that happens. With the emission of light from the LED, the disk code which has opaque lines is able to let it through. As a result, there is the generation of pulse signals and the light present tends to be ON state. These signals are then sent to the controller which are used to come up with the desired function. With a decoder being the reverse, it takes in multiple inputs and consequently brings out multiple outputs.
Both encoders and decoders serve a lot of purposes in the different kinds of electronic projects that are existent. This helps in compressing significant amounts of inputs into smaller amounts. There are different kinds of encoders and decoders. Such includes the multiplexers whose purpose is to ensure that applications have been controlled and priority encoder that serves the purpose of getting to compress various binary inputs into the subsequent smaller amounts of outputs. Decoders are of different types and depending on what the user picks, the best kind of decoders are put into work in the best way and manner possible.
Encoders are decoders that are applied in various ways. These include in the motor industry where it gets to synchronize the motor speed by use of an RF technology. Also, they tend to be used during the night in the bid to flying a robot. There is also use of encoders and decoders towards the development of a robotic type of vehicle with the use of a metal detector. The home system is also made with the use of these encoders are decoders especially with the increased need to quickly advance in terms of technology. Monitoring systems in the health facilities are quite essential as encoders and decoders facilitate them with the wireless and automatic option. Such helps to easily regulate the body temperature of a patient which is an added advantage.